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Georgia

History of The Peach State That is Georgia

The state of Georgia is in the southeastern part of the United States. It has a diverse terrain of land and beaches, as well as big farmland area. The capital of the state is Atlanta, where Martin Luther King Jr. was born and raised. The oldest city is Savannah, which can clearly be emphasized in the many ancient architectural structures in the place – College town of Athens, and Augusta as some of them.

Georgia has a commendable history that runs back almost three centuries. It was involved in great military battles which fortunately only helped in making the state’s economy grow, making it one of the states that is very well-known for having the ability to grow amidst difficult circumstances.

The state was founded by James Oglethopre in 1733. It became a state in 1788, after serving as a military buffer zone for other Spanish colonies during the era. In fact, it was the last colony ever established – the 13th of the 13 colonies of America. The name, Georgia, is taken from King George II of Britain.

As mentioned, it was a place where great wars occurred, especially during the Civil War, when the state separated from the Union in 1861. The wars harmed the people and the land, but it was all repaid when the war ended and the state was allowed (and was the last southern state) to rejoin the Union in 1870.

It underwent a period of reconstruction where the state successfully got back on its feet. But just as things were beginning to pick up for the state, the  early 20th century great Depression hit the area – farming went down due to droughts and pests. People in the state had to look for different means of income because the economy was dropping.

Again, the state found a silver lining amidst the chaotic economy. It was able to discover a different area of economic success – aviation. Georgia became an airline industry, the success of which was greatly approved when it became the home to Delta Air Lines and Eastern Air Lines in 1941.

For the latter part of the 20th century, the economy just continued to bloom and a lot of big brands were established in the area. Coca-Cola, CNN, and Home Depot are just some of the big names that became great economic contributors of the state. This economic success continued and was visible to the world, so much so that it was graced to host the 1996 Summer Olympics, bringing in more visitors to the place.

As Georgia headways through the 21st century, the spirit of elasticity endures from the Alabama border to the coast of Savannah. Citizens of the historic Peach State are still creating economic and social development as they supplement to the rich legacy of Georgia.

Georgia Fun Facts

  • While Atlanta is the capital of the state at present, it was not the original capital. There have been four other cities that held the role as the capital, before it became Atlanta. The first capital was Savannah, as it is the oldest city of the state. It was changed to Augusta in 1786, then it changed to Louisville in 1789. Milledgeville was the capital from 1807 to 1867, which was then taken over my Atlanta until the present.
  • Next to Texas which has 254 counties, Georgia comes second with 159 counties.
  • The highest point of the state is at Brasstown Bald, a mountain located at Brasstown village.
  • Aside from being called the Peach State, Georgia is also known as the Empire State of the South.
  • According to the Airports Council International, Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Georgia is the busiest airport in the world.
  • In terms of land area, Georgia is the 24th largest state.
  • In terms of population, Georgia is the 9th most populous state (2010 statistics).
  • It is the largest state east of the Mississippi river.
  • Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee are the surrounding states of Georgia.

Natural Wonders in Georgia

Georgia has indeed a lot to boast, and some of these are the natural wonders found in the state; attracting plenty of tourists while keeping locals in love with the state, eliminating the desire to leave.

  1. Near Dawsonville is the stunning waterfall dubbed Amicalola Falls.
  2. The Okefenokee Swamp is a nature gem in the state. It is the largest swamp in North America and has been improved to cater to visitors. It is home to different birds and reptiles.
  3. Georgia’s Little Grand Canyon or the Providence Canyon has been beautifully captured in plenty of photos.
  4. Radium Springs is also a great attraction for tourists and locals. The spring has a natural source of radium which gives the spring splashes of vibrant colors. People who come to see the spring reportedly feel a sense of therapeutic relief from watching the vibrant colors of the spring.
  5. One of the most recognizable landmarks in Georgia is the Stone Mountain. It is the largest exposed granite in the world.
  6. Tallulah Gorge is another of Georgia’s natural treasures.
  7. Warm Springs is also a natural legacy that even has political story to it, as it was discovered by Franklin D. Roosevelt to help ease his polio symptoms.

Overall, Georgia is one of the U.S. states that the country is very much proud of.